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General information

Latest international publications

Statistical data used

Key facts and figures

Additional national statistics

Office(s) in charge of data collection

Overview of main stakeholders

Overview of policies

Specific sources


General information

COUNTRY: Slovenia

  • Dr. Zdenka Čebašek-Travnik, President of the Medical Chamber of Slovenia
  • Petra Ogrin Rehberger, Senior Doctor, Specialist of General Medicine, National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia; 
  • Tit Albreht, Head of Centre for Healthcare, National Institute of Public Health, Slovenia

SEPEN thanks the knowledge brokers for their contribution in checking and completing the country-information. SEPEN is accountable for the content of the country profiles.

Latest international publications

Statistical data used

Type of information Source Year Remarks
Table 1: Health workforce stock and replacement Slovenian Health Statistics Yearbook, 2018 2018 Source provided by knowledge broker:

Stock data retrieved from: Slovenian Health Statistics Yearbook, 2018

Age characteristics of the nursing stock are not reported.

Figure 1: Mobility  level in absolute numbers OECD 2018 Only immigration data for OECD countries are available. The data produced are therefore incomplete. Not all OECD-countries register the country of origin of incoming health professionals and some do not register incoming health professionals at all. Emigration data are based on immigration numbers in other OECD-countries, as emigration as such is not registered nor reported.
Figure 2a: Number of practicing physicians per 1000 inhabitants Eurostat 2018 Figure 2a presents regional distribution of physicians. Maps are formatted according to the NUTS classification obtained from Eurostat or recent national data provided by the key country informants. The national average is derived from the OECD/Eurostat databases, and the EU average from the “Health at a Glance: Europe” report published in November 2020.
Figure 2b: Number of practicing nurses and midwives per 1000 inhabitants  Eurostat 2015 Figure 2b presents regional distrubution of nursing and midwifery. Maps are formatted according to the NUTS classification obtained from Eurostat or recent national data provided by the key country informants. The national average is derived from the OECD/Eurostat databases, and the EU average from the “Health at a Glance: Europe” report published in November 2020.

Key facts and figures

OECD and Eurostat statistics

Statistic Number Data Year
Total population 2 080 908 2019
Life expectancy at birth 81,5 2018

Source: Eurostat

  Licensed to practice Practising Professionally active  
Statistic Number Per 1000 inhabitants Number Per 1000 inhabitants Number Per 1000 inhabitants Data year
Physicians Not reported Not reported 6 408 3,10 6 530 3,16 2017
> Generalist Medical Practitioner Not reported Not reported 1 400 0,68 Not reported Not reported 2017
> Specialist Medical Practitioner Not reported Not reported 4 758 2,30 Not reported Not reported 2017
Nurses Not reported Not reported 20 505 9,92 20 834 10,08 2017
Midwives Not reported Not reported 206 0,10 211 0,1 2017
Dentists Not reported Not reported 1 455 0,70 1 486 0,72 2017
Pharmacists Not reported Not reported 1 422 0,69 1 537 0,74 2017
Physiotherapists Not reported Not reported 1 330 0,64 Not reported Not reported 2017

Source: OECD


Additional national statistics

Not reported

Office(s) in charge of data collection

Name Role Website
National Institute of Public Health Slovenia.   Run the National Healthcare Providers Database
Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (registration for a training)  Registration in the Education system
Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Provide to users statistical data on the status and trends in the economic, demographic and social fields, as well as in the field of environment and natural resources.

Overview of main stakeholders

Public representatives

Name Role Website
Ministry of Health  Recommends the training quotas
Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia (HIIS) Providing universal compulsory health insurance
National Laboratory for Health, Environment and Food (NLHEF) Central and the largest laboratory  for public health dealing with hygienic and health related ecological activities, environment protection problems, microbiological diagnostics and chemical analyses of samples of different kind and research activities.The services for governmental needs are executed, first of all for monitoring and official inspection and supervision from the competencies of the Ministry of Health,Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food and Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.
Republic of Slovenia National Contact Point on cross-border healthcare The responsibilities of the National Contact Point on cross-border healthcare (hereinafter referred to as: NKT-Z) are implemented by the Health Insurance Institute of the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter referred to as: HIIS), and the information published on the web site of NKT-Z is provided by HIIS, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia and the National Institute of Public Health.

NKT-Z consults patient organisations, providers and health insurance holders, cooperates with national contact points in other member States and with the European Commission. NKT-Z provides information exchange between national contact points in other EU Member States.!ut/p/z1/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMn
Ministry of Finance Reviews and approves the budget of the Ministry of Health- The basic principles and the shares of the state budget,

budgets of local authorities, mandatory health insurance and mandatory pension

and disability insurance are approved through the “budget memorandum” by

the Ministry of Finance and Parliament each year
Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices of the

Republic of Slovenia

Its functions are determined by the Medicinal Products Act, the “Rules on medical devices”, the Blood Supply Act and the Act on Quality and Safety of Human Tissues and Cells. Amongst other things it performs administrative, expert and inspection tasks in the fields of medicinal products and medical devices and acts as the official control laboratory. 
The Ministry of Education, Science and Sport It is responsible for supervising activities related to medical and health professional education and for the university

and postgraduate education of junior researchers. It also administers certain

health promotion programmes. Its mandate extends to the area of science, and

it thus (co-)finances different research activities, including those in the area of

medicine, health sciences and public health.
The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities Acts with the Ministry of Health to coordinate the provision of nursing homes for the elderly and people with disabilities. It is also responsible for negotiating multisectoral bilateral conventions on social security.

Health profession representatives

Name Role Website
Health Council Is responsible for assisting the Ministry in its planning tasks. The Health Council serves as the highest professional body with responsibility

for reviewing proposals for the development of health policy, as well as questions

regarding ethics and doctrine.
Chamber of Nurses’ and Midwives’ Association of Slovenia Professionally operates in 31 technical sessions that examines technical issues, organizes professional training and develops professional recommendations and guidance from their focused field of expertise.
Medical Chamber of Slovenia Responsible for medical doctors and dentists. Awarding, renewing and suspending licences,

planning, monitoring and supervising internships, specialisations and other forms of professional training of its members by evaluating their competence and setting the criteria for appointing supervisors and appointing them, carrying out professional supervision and counselling,

maintaining a registry of physicians.
Slovene Chamber of Pharmacies Fundamental tasks of the chamber are the following:

  • adopts codes of ethic of pharmacy workers and rules of good pharmacy practice
  • takes part in the preparation of legal regulations which relate to pharmacy activities, medicine products, planning of the network of pharmacies and planning personnel needs
  • gives opinion on appropriateness of the granting of a concession for performing pharmacy activities
  • concludes agreements on behalf of its members on the price of pharmacy services remunerated by Health Insurance Institute plans and monitors apprenticeship, continuous professional development and specialisations of pharmacists
  • carries out professional supervision.

Academic representatives

Name Role Website
Medical universities It is divided into undergraduate and postgraduate departments within the Section of General Medicine and the Dental Medicine Section. Both sections educate students on the undergraduate as well as post-graduate level. University of Ljubljana – Faculty of Medicine

University of Maribor – Faculty of Medicine

Overview of policies

Manage shortages and maldistribution of skills

Original name Zakon o zdravniški službi
Name in English Law about heatlth Service 
Short description Art. 7 of the Law about health Service (Translation) Medical posts in the public health service network are allocated by area and by specialist field in such a way as to ensure that residents have equal access to quality health services.

Medical posts in the public health service network are broken down by fields of expertise: […]

Publication date Original version 3 December 199
Link to full text


Original name N/A
Name in English Organisation of healthcare in Slovenia
Short description

Healthcare services can also be carried out by private healthcare providers, but only on the basis of a licence or a decision regarding entry into a register of private healthcare workers issued by the Ministry of Health. Private healthcare providers can be given a concession at the primary or secondary level, but such a concession is only granted if a public healthcare institute cannot provide sufficient access to healthcare services. At the primary level, it is granted by the municipality with the consent of the Ministry of Health, and at the secondary level it is granted by the Ministry of Health. 

Publication date  N/A
Link to full text


Original name Zakon o pokojninskem in invalidskem zavarovanju
Name in English Pension and Disability Insurance Act.
Short description
Publication date Original version 14 December 2012
Link to full text

Improving performance

Original name Resolucija o nacionalnem planu zdravstvenega varstva 2016–2025 »Skupaj za družbo zdravja«
Name in English National Health Plan Resolution 2016-2025 “Together for the Health Society”
Short description

Reasons for a new national health plan

Changing health needs of the population due to a long-lived society, increasing health inequalities, expensive healthcare technologies, threats to health and patient mobility are all major challenges facing most European countries. Since the economic crisis began in 2009, the financial sustainability of health systems has also become more challenging in this part of the world than before.

The resolution forms the basis for the development of health care in Slovenia in the next ten years and for the preparation and adoption of relevant laws in the field of health insurance and health care, and preserves the vision of quality and accessible public health care. It puts the user and the contractor at the center and takes the following measures in the envisaged measures:

·           Promoting and protecting health and preventing disease;

·           Optimization of health care;

·           Increasing the effectiveness of the healthcare system;

·           Equitable, joint and several financing of healthcare.


Strengthening primary health care will further improve access to comprehensive, high-quality, safe patient care and establish conditions for their empowerment and their expectations.

Publication date March 2016
Link to full text

Address outflow mobility

Original name Kakovost socialne oskrbe na domu: vrednotenje, podatki in priporočila
Name in English Quality home care:

evaluation, data and recommendations

Short description Academic Analysis of the quality of home care in Slovenia
Publication date Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences, 2014
Link to full text

Education, enrolment and recruitment

Original name Zdravniška zbornica Slovenije objavila javne razpise specializacij zdravnikov
Name in English Annexes to the National Health Plan

The Medical Chamber of Slovenia publishes public tender for medical residencie

Short description The desired ratios were based on empirical evidence and grounded in retrospective data. These ratios were also the basis for

reimbursement schemes – particularly at the primary care level – used by the HIIS. This process was then harmonized with the Ministry of Higher Education and the different representative professional chambers (in particular

the Medical Chamber, the Pharmaceutical Chamber and the Nursing Chamber).

The Health Council, in cooperation with the Medical Faculty, professional colleges and other institutions, proposes and monitors the implementation of health-related professional education. The Health Council issues recommendations on the number of health professionals, and decisions to adjust enrollment figures are made by the relevant medical and health-related faculties at various universities across the country. Through these mechanisms, the state exerts rather tight control and containment of educational posts.

Publication date 2015
Link to full text

Education staff & infrastructure

Original name Zakon o visokem šolstvu
Name in English Higher Education Act (ZVis)
Short description

This law regulates the status issues of higher education institutions, the conditions for pursuing higher education activities, defines public service in higher education and regulates the manner of its financing.

This law also regulates the status issues of libraries and institutes and other institutions whose activity is required for the pursuit of higher education, if they are established within universities (hereinafter: other institutions – members of universities) and student dormitories.

Publication date Original version 17 December 1993
Link to full text

Continuous professional development (CPD)

Original name Zakon o zdravniški službi (ZZdrS)
Name in English Medical Practitioners Act
Short description

In order to renew their license, every physician or dentist needs to provide proof of professional competences over the last seven years by collecting at least 75 credits (CME, CPD). Of those, at least 50 credits (CME, CPD) need to have been acquired in the specialist field for which the practitioner was licensed, and at least 5 credits (CME, CPD) must be obtained in the areas of patient safety and the quality of medical treatment, ethics and communication. 

Publication date  12 March 1999
Link to full text

Regulation of private sector

Original name Prostovoljno zavarovanje
Name in English Voluntary Insurance, Supplementary Insurance
Short description Voluntary health insurance covers the cost of health and related services, the provision of medicines and medical supplies, and the payment of agreed benefits in the event of illness, injury or special medical condition. Voluntary health insurance is classified as health insurance and non-life insurance.

Supplementary insurance is a public interest of the Republic of Slovenia and is implemented according to the principles of intergenerational reciprocity and gender reciprocity among all supplementary insurance policyholders.

Three private companies provide

voluntary health insurance (VHI), which is mainly used by patients to cover co-payments.

Publication date 12 February 1992
Link to full text Article 61


Name in English ON MEDICAL RESOURCE (Private physicians)
Short description

Health care personnel in primary and secondary care may practise based on an employment contract (as salaried employees of a public provider), by means of a concession (as a private provider within the public health care network, payment depending on the contract) or as a private provider (outside the public health care network, paid directly by patients or by VHI). Combining employment in a public provider with purely private practice is not allowed.

 fact, the highest proportion of all private practices comes from the dental field

Publication date 2 December 1992
Link to full text

ZZVZZ. Zakon o zdravstvenem varstvu in zdravstvenem zavarovanju [Health Care and Health Insurance Act]. Ljubljana: Government of Slovenia; 1992. Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia no. 9/92.

Working conditions

Original name Resolucija o nacionalnem planu zdravstvenega varstva 2008-2013 “Zadovoljni uporabniki in izvajalci zdravstvenih storitev” (ReNPZV)
Name in English Resolution on National Health Care Plan 2008-2013 “Satisfied Users and Providers of health care services” (ReNPZV)
Short description
  • The relative increase in the number of publicly financed residency places that have been made available in the area of family medicine.
  • Development of Human Resources
  • Prepare a long-term (at least 10-year) plan for the allocation of new specializations, which will ensure an even distribution of specialists across Slovenia and the timely replacement of doctors by retirement.
Publication date 26 June 2008
Link to full text


Not reported

Specific sources

List of sources specific to this country:


Last updated: 10 October 2020


The country fiches are produced under the EU Health Programme 2014-2020 under a service contract with the Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (Chafea) acting under the mandate from the European Commission. The information and views set out in the country sheets are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the Commission/Executive Agency. The Commission/Executive Agency does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this study.

Neither the Commission/Executive Agency nor any person acting on the Commission’s/Executive Agency’s behalf may be held responsible for the use which may be made of the information contained therein.